United Nations Forum for the Transition

SI  VIS  PACEM  PARA  PACEM!   If you want peace, prepare for peace! 平和を望むなら平和に備えよ

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Normative Current

Introduction

The normative current list of constitutional provisions (click here!) shows the way and opens the passage for creating an international peace based on justice and order. This is an exciting perspective! These provisions give national lawmakers the power to democratize and give shape to the international organization, provide the UN Security Council with a basic law and eventually abolish war.

This list is in four languages. (Spanish is still lacking.) A precedent to this kind of stipulation is the 1924 IPU Conference, which emphasized the international court and making aggressive war a crime in international law. (See the account by Hans Wehberg. Click here!) After the failure of the 1899 and 1907 Hague Peace Conferences, which had already aimed at abolishing war, the powers in favor of an international court with binding powers followed up quite conscientiously on the world order project begun at The Hague. As John F. Kennedy in 1945, as a young journalist, stated: “Things cannot be forced from the top.” Therefore national, democratically elected legislators, especially those in the European parliaments, after the Second World War have been empowered to execute the will of the people and take steps to abolish war as an institution.

Another way of looking at this is to take the Japanese war-abolishing Article IX as a point of departure. In a way Art. 9 is the culmination, carefully distilled essence of all that is positive in Europe and the West, including the enlightened peace plans from Pierre Dubois to Immanuel Kant. The Article, suggested by the then Prime Minister Kijuro Shidehara (1872-1951) to General Douglas MacArthur on 24 January 1946, is the outcome of a process of intellectual refinement, for which the Japanese are so famous. (See my dissertation on Kijuro Shidehara published by Lexington in 2 volumes! See bibliography.)